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Know geometry vocabulary

Lines

point - an exact spot 

line - always straight, endless in two directions

line segment - part of a line, has two endpoints

ray - part of a line, has one endpoint, endless in one direction

angle - two rays with the same endpoint

right angle - an angle that makes a square corner, sometimes shown with a square in the corner

obtuse angle - an angle that is more than or greater than a right angle, sometimes shown with a curve in the corner


acute angle - an angle that is less than or smaller than a right angle, sometimes shown with a curve in the corner

intersecting lines - lines that cross

parallel lines - lines that never cross

perpendicular lines - a specific type of intersecting lines that makes 4 right angles

Shapes

polygon - an enclosed shape made with only straight lines

triangle - a polygon with 3 sides

quadrilateral - a polygon with 4 sides

pentagon - a polygon with 5 sides

hexagon - a polygon with 6 sides

octagon - a polygon with 8 sides

Triangles

acute triangle - any triangle that has 3 acute angles

obtuse triangle - any triangle that has 1 obtuse angle and 2 acute angles

right triangle - any triangle that has 1 right angle and 2 acute angles

equilateral triangle - a triangle with 3 equal sides

isosceles triangle - a triangle with 2 equal sides

scalene triangle - all sides are different lengths

Quadrilaterals

trapezoid - a quadrilateral with exactly one pair of parallel sides


parallelogram - a quadrilateral with exactly two pairs of parallel sides


rectangle - a parallelogram with 4 right angles


rhombus - a parallelogram with 4 equal sides


square - a parallelogram with 4 right angles and 4 equal sides, a rectangle that is also a rhombus